Automation is an industrial term and it was brought to use in industrial use as companies in the 21st Century realized to reduce the manual dependencies in manufacturing units and automate their processes for greater output. Hence, new age automation means the process of making wise use of machineries and processes in factories and manufacturing units with an ultimate objective of minimal or no human involvement in the production line. High demand and integrated world market echoed the need of industrial automation as manual laborers became slow and inaccurate. Moreover, there was also a risk for people getting sick or retiring hurt after meeting with accidents. Hence, industrialists and business owners realized that the need to ditch obsolete industrial processes and adopt industrial automation to increase product quality, high efficiency, greater speed and precision and also conserve energy, materials and save labour costs.
Now, automation has been adopted across all industrial sectors and manufacturing industries such as mechanical sector, hydraulic sector, electrical industry, telecommunications industry, heavy engineering and manufacturing companies. A widely used automation product is called programmable logic controller (PLC) that mainly get rids the need of human monitoring and itself monitors the states of input devices and brilliantly decides the course of action on the basis of a pre-set code or logic. Likewise, encoders are another industrial automation tool that are used in security applications for data compression and standardization of processes to encrypt information so that it can be decrypted later at a suitable time.
Industrial Automation Industry at a Glance
Industrial automation tools are further categorized into proportional integral derivative (PID) temperature controllers, limit switches, protection relays, encoders, programmable logic controllers, timers and many more.